What Is A Party Fence Wall?
A party fence wall, also known as a party wall or a shared wall, is a wall that separates two properties and is jointly owned by the owners of those properties. It is typically located on the boundary line between the properties, serving as a shared structural element.
The key characteristic of a party fence wall is that it is used, enjoyed, and maintained by both adjoining property owners. It may be a solid wall, a fence, or even a garden wall, as long as it fulfils the function of separating the properties.
The Party Wall etc. Act 1996, which is applicable in the United Kingdom, provides legal provisions and guidelines for party fence walls. These walls have mutual maintenance liabilities, meaning that both owners are responsible for the upkeep and repair of the wall. Any costs associated with repairs or maintenance are typically shared between the adjoining owners in a fair and proportionate manner.
Party fence walls also have implications for construction or alteration works. If either owner intends to carry out work that may affect the party fence wall, such as building an extension or modifying the wall itself, they are required to serve a Party Wall Notice to inform and seek consent from the adjoining owner. This ensures that both parties are aware of and can address any potential impacts on the shared wall.
In summary, a party fence wall is a shared wall or boundary structure that separates two adjoining properties. It carries mutual maintenance responsibilities and requires adherence to legal procedures when undertaking construction or alteration works that may affect the wall.